Comprehensive utilization of the hottest logistics

  • Detail

Comprehensive utilization of logistics packaging waste resources

I. Introduction

with the rapid economic development and the increasing demand for all aspects of products, waste packaging materials account for an increasing proportion of production and domestic waste. Effective control and utilization of waste packaging resources is very necessary to reduce the production of solid waste and protect the environment

the recycling of waste packaging is to use the used product packaging containers and auxiliary materials, collect them through various channels and ways, and then reuse them by enterprises. The utilization of waste packaging in enterprises is the process of repairing, reforming and handing over the recycled old packaging to enterprises for reuse. The recycling and utilization of product packaging is different from the recycling and utilization of general waste materials. Generally, the recycling of waste materials is to change waste materials into other uses or materials processed by recycling. The recycling and utilization of packaging is the reuse of the original, which can be used to wrap products, and it may be recycled and reused for many times

II. Ways for enterprises to recycle waste packaging materials

the number of old packaging materials produced by Chinese production enterprises every year is amazing, and the recycling potential is huge. The average paperboard used for packaging is more than 40 tons every year; The amount of kraft paper used for packaging is also very large. Only cement bags need about 1.2 billion a year, equivalent to 30 tons of kraft paper; The timber company supplies about 550000 cubic meters of timber for packaging every year; More than 200 million meters of cloth and more than 400 million sacks are used for packaging every year; The annual production of bottles of wine is about 1million tons, and 2billion glass bottles are needed. This shows that the market potential of recycling waste packaging materials by enterprises is still quite huge

recycling old packaging can solve some urgent needs of enterprises and reduce production costs. Enterprises can reduce the purchase of packaging materials by recycling old packaging, processing and sorting, and re using it for enterprises. Moreover, the cycle of recycling old packaging is shorter than that of manufacturing new packaging, which can often solve the urgent needs of enterprise production. In addition, recycling old packaging will also reduce the production cost of enterprises

recycling old packaging can ensure the smooth flow of product logistics. As a protective function, product packaging is indispensable in the logistics process. Due to the high resource consumption or cost, the commodity packaging is insufficient or the supply is not timely, and the packaging of a product is insufficient or too weak, which will affect the logistics activities of the product. The recycling of waste packaging materials can solve the packaging problems of products in time and ensure the smooth progress of product logistics activities

recycling the old packaging can save resources for the country to conduct the ball impact test on the sample. China's resources are limited, and the use of non renewable resources is even more tense. Packaging materials consume a huge amount of resources. If enterprises can recycle old packaging, they can save a lot of resources for the country. Taking wooden packaging as an example, it shows that China's forest resources are seriously insufficient, and the consumption of industrial and agricultural industries is large, resulting in some forests being cut down indiscriminately, which has caused serious adverse consequences, not only endangering the number of forests, but also causing ecological imbalance, soil erosion, abnormal climate, etc. The state is strengthening efforts to govern this aspect. In this case, we should not only strictly control the packaging materials, but also vigorously carry out recycling and reuse in order to make rational use of limited resources. Chinese enterprises produce products with about 180000 cubic meters of wood for wooden packaging. If it can be recycled, it is equivalent to cutting down about 30000 mu of forest

recycling waste packaging can save energy for the country. China is not rich in energy according to the average population. At present, the recoverable reserves of mineral energy per person are lower than the world average. The vast majority of packaging materials need to consume a lot of energy. Plastic is an energy-saving packaging material. The electric energy consumed to produce a beverage container with the same capacity is: aluminum is 3 kW? Hours; Glass is 2.4 kW? Hours; Iron is 0.7 kW? Hours; Cardboard is 0.18 kW? Hours; Plastic is only 0.11 kW? Hours. In Britain and other Western European countries, plastic bottles and cans have replaced glass bottles of more than 1kg. Even so, the synthesis of polymer materials such as plastics also consumes a lot of oil. Therefore, recycling and reusing waste packaging materials by enterprises can save a lot of energy for the country

III. recycling and utilization of waste packaging materials

1 This paper introduces the reasons why the national standard gb/t 10801.2 (2) 002 extruded polystyrene foam for thermal insulation (XPS) needs to be revised and the revision plan arranges the channels for loading and recycling. Enterprises produce different types of products and use a wide range of packaging. The packaging is dispersed to all parts of the country, all industries and final consumers with the products, so it is very difficult to recycle. However, in terms of the flow direction of commodities, the commodity packaging is consistent with the flow direction of commodities, that is, where there are commodities, there will be empty packages that can be recycled. Establish appropriate recycling channels for waste packaging, and the potential for enterprises to recycle and reuse old packaging is still considerable

specifically, the recycling channels of waste packaging materials of enterprises mainly include the following aspects:

(1) channels of the commercial sector: the commercial sector mainly sells goods of means of living, which is the main channel of waste packaging recycling of enterprises. For example, department stores, textile companies, hardware and electrical companies, non-staple food companies and retail stores at all levels have large waste packaging, such as requiring small fixture structure and non-magnetic potential; There are also a large number of commodity packages for recycling in medicine, traditional Chinese medicine and medical devices; All kinds of special packaging for grain and oil and all kinds of packaging for imported goods can be recycled

(2) means of production product sales departments: these departments are mainly electromechanical equipment companies, light chemical materials companies, building materials companies, transportation accessories companies, etc. that operate means of production at all levels, most of which have waste packaging materials. A considerable part of them are special packaging, such as flat glass wooden cases, chemical raw material barrels, cable trays, etc. (3) Social waste material recycling companies or social recycling teams. Using social waste material recycling companies or social recycling teams, we can recycle the old packaging that professional recycling units or comprehensive recycling institutions do not recycle, such as all kinds of messy glass bottles, plastic bottles and other cotton, linen, metal products packaging

(4) recycling channels of waste packaging materials of enterprises. ① The enterprise shall set up a special recycling department to recycle all kinds of product packaging at a fixed place and time. ② Enterprises come to collect. The enterprise will regularly designate or make an appointment to return the packaging to the unit for on-site recycling. ③ Enterprises set up recycling and packaging counters in the product sales department. When selling goods, the product sales department requires consumers to return the old packaging they have purchased and used, and make an agreement in the form of a deposit, such as replacing empty bottles with bottles of beer, soy sauce, vinegar and other methods to recycle the old packaging. ④ The enterprise and the sales and use unit hand back the old packaging of the product that is directly responsible for recycling by the product sales department or the use department to the production enterprise for reuse, without going through the old packaging recycling unit in the middle

2. Recycling and reuse of old packaging by enterprises (1) ways for society to recycle and reuse old packaging. After appropriate repair and processing, the old packaging recycled by the society is handed over to the user departments in a certain way, such as the packaging of industrial products such as light textile and chemical industry, the packaging of goods shipped by the commercial wholesale department, and the packaging required by the storage and transportation department to replace, assemble and transport goods

(2) reuse of recycled old packaging by manufacturing enterprises. The reuse of recycled old packaging by manufacturing enterprises mainly includes the following aspects:

reuse by original enterprises. The reuse of the original enterprise is to give the recycled old packaging to the original production enterprise for reuse, and the packaging that is intact or damaged but can be reused after simple sorting

common to similar enterprises. The general packaging of similar products manufacturing enterprises refers to that the packaging of a product can be used in all manufacturing enterprises of similar products after the specification is unified. After the generalization and standardization of product packaging, the packaging specifications and models of similar products produced in various production enterprises are the same, which simplifies the number of packaging specifications and types, and facilitates the recycling and reuse among enterprises of similar products

alternative use of old packaging materials. The alternative use of old packaging materials refers to the packaging of some scattered, outdated and marketable products that are no longer used by some production enterprises. Through trial assembly and packaging, the packaging of Party A's products is transferred to the product packaging of Party B. 2. The negative deviation of the indication exceeds the tolerance, or the packaging of the original Party A's products is used to pack Party B's products

(3) repair and processing restructuring of old packaging materials by enterprises. Enterprises can continue to use some old packaging that cannot be reused directly after a series of repair and processing restructuring. This process is generally divided into three processes: selection and sorting, repair and processing and restructuring

select and sort. The selection and sorting of old packaging by enterprises is the preliminary processing of recycled old packaging. There are many kinds of recycled old packaging, which are mixed together and cannot be reused directly. Only through a series of processing such as the selection, classification, impurity removal and segmentation of old packaging, can the old packaging be further repaired and processed

repair. The repair of old packaging by enterprises is the process of reusing the intact or slightly damaged old packaging after cleaning, repairing, assembling and other processing processes

processing and restructuring. The processing and restructuring of old packaging by enterprises is the process of taking the recycled old packaging as materials and remaking the packaging on the premise that the original packaging cannot be reused, such as changing the large packaging into the small packaging, combining the small packaging with the large packaging, and mixing the large packaging, etc

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI